Financial institutions that go contrary to the anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism requirements of the Bank of Ghana (BoG) would be sactioned, the central bank has warned.
The BoG and the Financial Intelligence Centre, are mandated to ensure that accountable institutions regulated by Bank of Ghana comply with Anti-Money Laundering, Combating the Financing of Terrorism and Proliferations of Weapons of Mass Destruction (AML/CFT&P) requirements.
Accountable institutions are required to conduct their business with high ethical standards and avoid undertaking business relationships that may facilitate ML/TF&PF.
The Anti-Money Laundering Act, 2020 (Act 1044), Anti-Terrorism Act, 2008 (Act 762), Anti-Terrorism (Amendment Act), 2012 (Act 842), Anti-Terrorism (Amendment Act), 2014 (Act 875), Anti-Money Laundering Regulations, 2011 (L.I.1987) which intensified Ghana’s efforts towards the fight against money laundering, terrorism and proliferation financing (ML/TF&PF), have provisions for both judicial and administrative sanctions applicable to non-compliant institutions.
Revising the previous document on sanctions and giving clarity to the administrative sanctions regime of the Bank of Ghana in view of the passage of Anti-Money Laundering Act, 2020 (Act 1044), the central bank outlined the following:
ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS IMPOSED BY BANK OF GHANA AND FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTRE
The Bank of Ghana, for the purposes of the supervision and enforcement of AML/CFT&P shall impose one or more of the following sanctions in accordance with section 53 of Act 1044:
1. A written warning to an individual of an accountable or an accountable institution;
2. In the case of an individual, an administrative penalty of not less than five hundred (500) units
and not more than twenty thousand (20,000) penalty units;
3. In the case of an entity, an administrative penalty of not less than one thousand (1000) penalty units and not more than one hundred thousand (100,000) penalty units;
4. A letter disqualifying a person from managing an accountable institution;
5. BoG may publish the name of any accountable institution or an individual of an accountable
institution that persistently breach any of the AML/CFT&P requirements;
6. A suspension of the license of an accountable institution; and
7. A revocation of the license of an accountable institution.
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